JORHAT
Dhekiakhua Bornamghar, established by the great saint MadhavDev

Jorhat is and has been a vibrant place and is a perfect mixture tradition and modernity. It was the hub of anti-british struggle of Assam. Before that it was the last capital of the Ahoms, the dynasty which ruled over Assam for six centuries. Majuli, the biggest riverine island in the world is the center of Assam's Vaisnava culture. In these days it is a major educational and commercial center .

traditional bihu dance

 

A form of Sattriya dance
The city of Jorhat is located 314 kilometers from Guwahati astride NH37. It is connected by rail, road and air with rest of the country. It is a good link between lower Assam with upper Assam as also North Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. It is the best base for tourist exploring upper assam.

It is famous for its sprawling tea gardens. It is the nerve centre of the tea industry. It has the world renowned Toklai Experimental Centre. Research is carried out to find new varieties of tea and also therapeutic effects of green tea. From Jorhat, one can visit Majuli, the largest island on the Brahmaputra. In Majuli, there are numerous satras or monasteries. 60 kms aways from Jorhat, lies Nambar Forest reserve which is famous for being a rejuvenating hot spring.A further 90 kms down, one comes across Dimapur (in Nagaland), once the seat of the Cachar kingdom.

The Regional Research Laboratory, which is also in Jorhat, conducts investigations on plants, herbs and soil. The Assam Agricultural University, the Technical School, etc. also attract a number of students and researchers from all over the country.

Jorhat is approachable by rail from Guwahati by Intercity Express and JanaShatabdi express. The Jorhat Town Rail station is in the south-east direction of the city. It has a goods yard and online passenger reservation facility.
rhino
picture from a satra

What to see :
Vaishnava Satra founded by Sankardeva, the father of Assamese culture.
In fifteen century Shankardeva took shelter in Majuli and spent a couple of months at Beloguri (in West Majuli), which was a place of glory for the historic and auspicious, 'Manikanchan Sanjog' between Shankardeva and Madhavdeva . This was the first "satra" in Majuli, From "Manikanchan Sanjog" there had been sixty five "Satras frowing up for propogation of ethics and socio-cultural ideals. But at present there are only twenty two satras in Majuli. The other had to be shifted to other safer places due to devastation of flood and erosion. Among those the main existing satras are 

Dakhinpat Satra : Dakhinpat Satra was founded by Banamalidev, an exponent of Raasleela, which is now observed as one of the State festivals of Assam.

Garamurh Satra :This Satra was founded by Lakshmikantdeva. During Autumn end traditional Raasleela is performed with great enthusiasm. Some ancient weapons are also preserved here. 

Auniati Satra :  Founded by Niranjan Pathakdeva, this satra is famous for 'Paalnaam' and Apsara dance and it also has considerable collection of old Assamese utensils, jewellery and handicrafts.

Kamalabari Satra :  Kamalabari Satra founded by Bedulapadma Ata, is a center of art, culture, literature and classical studies. Its branch Uttar Kamalabari Satra has performed cultural programme of satria art in several states of India and abroad.

Bengenaati Satra : It is a store house of culturally important antiques and an advanced center of performing arts. Muraridev, the grand son of Shankaradeva's step mother, had founded the SSwargadeoatra. The royal robes belong to the Ahom king Swargadeo Gadadhar Singha, made of Gold and an umbrella which is also made of gold, are preserved here.

These Satras are the treasure house of "Bongeet " Matiakhara, Jumora Dance, Chali Dance, Notua Dance, Nande Vringee, Sutradhar, Ozapali, Apsara Dance, Satria Krishna Dance, Dasavater Dance etc. which were contributed by Shri Shankardeva

Majuli, perhaps the largest riverine island in the world, nestles in the lap of the mighty Brahmaputra. Her face uplifted to the limitless frontiers of the blue sky, her feet perpetually caressed by the lapping waters of the holy Brahamaputra, her vision stretched to the distant hills of the Himalayan and other ranges, Majuli is a creation of none other than the master craftsman who moulded the universe-God himself.

It's People:
The people of Majuli represent the varied ethnic forms of cultural heritage. Hospitality of Majulians are remarkable. One who visited the island cannot but appreciate the simplicity and inherent spirit of the people. As you travel through this river island you will experience tribes with traditions you could never imagine to be in existence. Open-heart attitude, which is the hallmark of the Majulians, is sure to make carry their images all through out your life. Such is the type of love evoking lot of people the Majulians are !


Population Density: 300
Nos. of Village:        243
Nos. of Satras:        22
Language dialect:   Assamese, Mishing, Deori
Climate: Coolest months are from November to February when the average temperature is 270 c.
Hottest time March to June 340 c .


How to go :
Majuli can be reached by three prime routes in normal time. From Jorhat through Nematighat, Luit-Khabalu ghat from North Lakhimpur and Dhakuakhana from Dhemaji. Air connectivity to Jorhat from Delhi via Kolkota and daily flight to Guwahati from Delhi and Kolkota are available. By roadways Jorhat and Lakhimpur are the first destination where from you will get next road communication to Majuli through daily ferry services available on the bank of Brahmaputra and Khabalu river respectively. 


Nearest Town : Jorhat
Nearest Airport : Rowriah - Jorhat
Nearest Rly. Satation : Jorhat
Nearest Rly. Junction : Mariani - Jorhat


The striking Juxtaposition of man and nature in its harmonies best accentuated by a palpable undertone of spirituality and the unfathomable aura of mysticism that governs the essence of life combined with the exotic mosaic of diverse ethnicism lend the island an enchanting uniqueness, rarely found elsewhere in the world. Majuli is a rich place in tradition and culture and boasting of a glorious past. With the establishment of Vaishnava Saint Srimanta Sankaradeva and his chief disciple Sri Sri Madhavdeva in the 15th century, Majuli emerged as the crowning glory of Vaishnavite's culture in Assam. The most remarkable feature of Majuli, apart from its aura of spiritualism in a total population free environment, it is the colourful mosaic of diverse ethnicity.

A vibrant tradition of art and craft is an important component of culture continuum of Majuli. Music, Dance, Drama were the basic medium deployed in propagating the monotheistic philosophy of Vaishnavism. The self taught artisians of Majuli transform a small piece of wood or bamboo to exquisite works of art. Basketry, ivory, silver filigree work are a few of the traditional crafts still being carried on the island.

 

 

 

 

 

Other prime locations of Jorhat :

Bangalpukhari

On the southern side of Jorhat, near Na-ali, there is a tank popularly known as Bangalpukhari. In the month of Sravana of Saka 1739, Badan Barphukan was murdered by Rupsinghh Bangal when he was going to take bath. For this act , he was rewarded with some money which he spent in excavating this tank. The people do not use the water of this tank as it was excavated with the money received for killing a man

 

Burigosain devalay: The Burigosain and the priest were brought from Jayantiya after defeating that king and were established first at Rangpur. When the capital was shifted to Jorhat, the image of Burigosain was also shifted and placed in a temple which lies in the middle of the town. It is a sakta Shrine.

THENGAL BHAWAN : Build in 1880 by Raibahadur Shiva Prasad Barooah, the first Assamese Daily Dainik Batari was started from this complex.

 

 

EASTERN THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE : Established in 1856 as Jorjat Christian School, subsequently named Theological College. Raja Maidam: The existing maidam (vault)which lies on the south bank of Toklai river on the northern side of Jorhat town is of king Purandar Sinha who expired on 1st Oct 1894. The present maidam was constructed to preserve the ashes of the late king.
CINNAMORA TEA ESTATE : First tea garden of Assam established by Maniram Dewan in 1850. JORHAT GYMKHANA CLUB : Built in 1876 by D. Slimmon, the then Secretary of the club.

List of Mediaeval Monuments Of Jorhat

Items SI. No. Name of the Monument Year/Period Of Construction During Whose Reign Remarks
Roads 1 Seuni Ali(A.T.Road) 1650 Swargadeo Jaydhawaz Singha Jorhat to Gowrisagar48Km.Constructed by Boduli Borphukan.
2 Dhudor Ali 1681-1695 Swargadeo Godadhar Singha  Kamargaon to Joypur touching Morioni Total length 211 Km.
3 Kharikatia 1696-1714 Swargadeo Rudra Singha Kharikatia to Titabor
4 Mohbondha Ali 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Mohbondha
5 Kamarbandha 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Kamarbandha
6 Malow gohain Ali 1751-1769 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Desoi to Bosa
7 Susandebandha Ali 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Within Jorhat
8 Choladhora Ali 1795-1810 -do- within Jorhat
9 Borpatra Ali -do- -do- Within Jorhat running infront of J.B.College
10. Na-Ali 1796 -do- Jorhat to Titabor
Holly Temple 1 Hatigar 1812-Half done 1817-completed Swargadeo Chandrakanta Singha Constructed by Purnananda Buragohain. 5Km from Jorhat on the way to Sibsagar.
2 Burigosani Than or Dewal 1794-1795 Garuinath Singha chandra Kt.Singha Shifted to bank of river Bhogdoi.Now on the side of Dewal Road.
3 Garakhiadol Temple(Shiva Temple) 1714 Swargadeo Siva Singha 7 Km from Jorhat.
4 Borbheti Than (Originally moneastery) 1769-80 Swargadeo Rajeswar Singha Constructed by Muwamoria Priest Ashtabhuz, 7Km from Jorhat town.
5 Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar 1497-1539 Swargadeo Suhung Myung By the devotees of Madhavdev.
Mone-
astery
6 Dakhinpat Satra

Garmur Satra

Auniati

 

1662

-d0-

-do-

Swargadeo Jaidhwaj Singha  
  7 Kamalabari Satra 1552-1603 Swargadeo Khoraroja At Majuli river island.
  8 Bengenati Satra 1524 Swargadeo SuhungMyung -do-
Tanks 1 Rajmow Pukhuri 1816 Swargadeo Chandra Kt.Singha Near Jorhat Stadium
2 Hatigar Pukhuri 1812-Half done 1817-completed Swargadeo Chandra Kt.Singha Construction started by Purnanda Buragohain but completed by Rushinath Buragohain
3 Katoki Pukhuri 1810-1818 -do- Within Jorhat town
4 Mitha Pukhuri 1810-1818 -do-  
5 Bongal Pukhuri 1819-1820 Swargadeo Chandra Kt.Singha Dredged by Rupsing Subedar
6 Borgohain Pukhuri 1820 -do- Dredged by Borgohain
7 Choladhora Pukhuri 1820-21 -do- Dredged by Choladhora Phukan
8 Kuwari Pukhuri 1810-1818   Situated at Lichubari constructed by the queen of Garuinath Singha
9 Bolia Gohain Pukhuri -do- -do- At Lichubari Constructed by Dambaru Gohain alias Bolia Gohain
Burrial
tombs
1 Rajamaidam i)1846 ii)1852 Raised during Brithsh period i)Maidum of Puranadar Singha ii)Maidum of Swargadeo Kamaswar Singha
2 Lachit Maidam Singha 1672 Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha At Hoolungapara 16 Km from Jorhat.
3 Purnananda Buragohain Maidam 1817 Chandra Kt.Singha Washed away by Bhugdoi .It was near Macharhat.
Ram-
parts
1 Ladoigar 1603-1641 Swargadeo Protap Singha 12 Kms to the east Jorhat.
2 Deberapara Gor 1552-1603 Swargadeo Khoraroja 30 Kms from Jorhat
3 Mohgor 1603-1641 Swargadeo Protap Singha To the North of Jorht touching Mohuamukh
4 Borgheta gor 1794-95 Swargadeo Gaurinath Singha From Bosha to Kaliani under Golaghat district..
others 1 Disoikuth(Army cantonment) 1789 -do- Purnanda Baruagohain
2 Hatigarh (Elephent trap) 1603-1641 Swargadeo Pratap Singha A pair of ramparts utilised as elephant traps.

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